Peru

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info-signAbout Peru

Peru is a country of immense history, beauty, culture and adventure. Visit the ancient, ruined city of Machu Picchu, one of the greatest wonders of the world and marvel at the sheer ingenuity of the Inca people. Almost as impressive as the ruins themselves is the spectacular backdrop of steep, lush and often cloud-shrouded mountains.

The famous Inca Trail is a four-day hike, which terminates at Machu Picchu and is regarded as the highlight of any trip to Peru. Still, there is no better way to enjoy the coastal views of Lima than in the lush neighborhood of Miraflores. Stroll through Parque Del Amor, which offers spectacular views of the enchanting Pacific Ocean.

If visiting for the first time, be sure to check out the local museums and get a taste of Peru’s depth of history. Museo Larco has an ancient collection of pre-Columbian exhibits of Peru’s indeginous people, where guests can enjoy the beautiful gardens and onsite restaurant.

exchangeVisitor Requirements for United States citizens

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Visa needed before arrival?
No
Allowed stay
How long you can stay as a tourist.
183 days
Passport validity
How long past your stay in Peru your passport needs to be valid for.
6 months
Passport blank pages minimum
Excludes the last signature page.
2 pages
Proof of onward travel
Some countries want to ensure visitors leave.
Yes
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pulseHealth

Yellow fever vaccine
Recommended for all visitors (but not required for entry)
Yellow fever risk
Yes
Malaria risk
Yes, medium risk
Zika risk
Yes
Tap water drinkable?
Based on whether the local government provides guarantees on tap water safety. This can vary by region within a country.
No
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shieldSafety

Advisory Level
Level 2: Exercise increased caution
Last issued 3 months ago

Exercise increased caution in Peru due to crime and terrorism. Some areas have increased risk. Read the entire Travel Advisory.

Do not travel to:

  • The Colombian - Peruvian border area in the Loreto Region due to crime.
  • The Valley of the Apurímac, Ene, and Mantaro Rivers (VRAEM), including areas within the Departments of Ayacucho, Cusco, Huancavelica, and Junin, due to crime and terrorism.

Crime, including petty theft, carjackings, muggings, assaults, and violent crime, is a concern in Peru, and can occur during daylight hours, despite the presence of many witnesses. The risk of crime increases after hours and outside the capital city of Lima where more organized criminal groups have been known to use roadblocks to rob victims.

U.S. government personnel cannot travel freely throughout Peru for security reasons.

Read the Safety and Security section on the country information page.

If you decide to travel to Peru:

Colombian - Peruvian border area in the Loreto Region – Level 4: Do Not Travel

Drug trafficking and other criminal activity, combined with poor infrastructure, limits the capability and effectiveness of Peruvian law enforcement in this area.

The U.S. government has limited ability to provide emergency services to U.S. citizens as U.S. government personnel are restricted from traveling within 20 kilometers of the border with Colombia in the Loreto region, except on the Amazon River itself, without permission. This includes travel on the Putumayo River, which forms most of the Peru-Colombia border.

Visit our website for Travel to High-Risk Areas.

Valley of the Apurímac, Ene, and Mantaro Rivers (VRAEM) includes areas within the Departments of Ayacucho, Cusco, Huancavelica, and Junin – Level 4: Do Not Travel

Remnants of the Shining Path terrorist group are active in the VRAEM. The group may attack with little or no warning, targeting Peruvian government installations and personnel.

Drug trafficking and other criminal activity, combined with poor infrastructure, limit the capability and effectiveness of Peruvian law enforcement in this area.

In urban areas, the crime rate has increased. U.S. government personnel are restricted from traveling in the VRAEM except for certain areas during daylight hours. The U.S. government has limited ability to provide emergency services to U.S. citizens due to these travel restrictions.

U.S. government officials and their families are permitted to travel within many areas of the Department of Cusco, including the Machu Picchu area, the Sacred Valley, and city of Cusco.

Visit our website for Travel to High-Risk Areas.

Travel Restrictions for U.S. Government Personnel

U.S. government personnel must request advance permission for any travel to the Peruvian-Columbian border and the VRAEM. Sometimes, they are required to travel in armored vehicles or carry personnel trackers. They cannot not use inter- or intra-city bus transportation or travel by road outside urban areas at night except for:

  • Travel by commercial bus on the Pan American Highway, between the Pan-American Highway and Huaraz, or between the Pan-American Highway, Arequipa, and Cusco.
  • Travel by car on the Pan-American Highway south from Lima to Paracas or north from Lima to Huacho (approximately three hours north and south of Lima).

In the restricted areas, they are permitted to use only the following routes during daylight hours:

  • Road travel from Ayacucho city to Huanta city, staying within the city limits of Huanta, and from Pisco city (Department of Ica) to Ayacucho city.
  • Train travel from Lima to Huancayo city (Department of Junin) and Huancavelica city.
  • Road travel from Lima to Huancayo city.
  • Road travel from La Merced city to the Satipo provincial boundary.

Last Update: To remove information regarding the Pan American and Parapan American Games.

Foreigner friendly?
Yes
LGBT legal protections
Strong protections against discrimination
Traffic-related deaths
Per 100,000 people per year
Moderate (13.5)
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Money

Currency
Peruvian Nuevo Sol (S/.)
Estimated cost
Average daily cost
S/.152 Peruvian Nuevo Sols
Add a trip to see this in your home currency.
Is tipping generally expected?
Yes

Tipping is common in Peru.

Taxis: Prices are negotiated beforehand usually and it includes the tip. Make sure about the total so there are no misunderstanding on arrival.

Hotels: Tips are more expected at high end hotels than smaller hotels. 3 soles per bag for porters. 1-3 soles per night for housekeepers.

Restaurants: Round up the fare or give 10%. For exceptional service at high end restaurants, you can give 15%.

Tours: 20-35 soles for each worker per day since many tours are mountain treks that include a lot of staff besides guides (cooks, porters, etc). For city guides, 10-15 soles per person for a full day, more if they are exceptional.

Is there tax free shopping for visitors?
No
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cell-towerInfrastructure

Electricity
220V, 60Hz
Wall plugs and sockets
Types A, B, and C
Plug Type APlug Type BPlug Type C
Calling code(s)
To use, add a + before the code when dialing.
51
Mobile internet speed
Average download speed
23 Mbps
Broadband internet speed
Average download speed
29 Mbps
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peoplePeople & Culture

Term for citizens of Peru
Also known as demonym (trivia points if you knew that).
Peruvian
Official languages
Aymara, Quechua, Spanish
Primary visitor language
The popular local language a Western visitor should know to get around more easily.
Spanish
Gender equality
72% equal (okay)
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drive-timeGetting Around

Driving side
Right
Driving documents recognized
International Driving Permit (IDP) and Inter-American Driving Permit (IADP)
mobile-phoneServices available in Peru
Ride Hailing
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Bikesharing & Scooters
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Public Transit Maps
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mapMap of Peru

Map of Peru

Cities in Peru

Lima, Cusco, Machupicchu District, and more. Guides for each coming soon.

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